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Major Types of Tea - An Overview

Posted by Jessica Jacobson on
Major Types of Tea - An Overview
While other beverages have their peak seasons, tea is one tasty beverage that can be well served hot or iced. Fun fact: they are the most consumed drink after water! Irrespective of the color or name, these aromatic beverages are all sourced from one source - camellia sinensis. The method of processing is the factor that distinguishes the teas.

Different Types of Tea

White Tea Overview

"White" - describes the processing, not the color. White tea originates from the young and finest leaves/buds. They are carefully plucked from camellia sinensis and then dried under the sun. No more processing after that. Being the least processed teas, it's pale golden in color and fresh and delicate in taste.


Usually harvested once a year around spring, white tea originates from Fujian, China. It's also produced by regions such as North East India, Taiwan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Eastern Nepal.


Health Benefits

White tea has its own set of unique health benefits to your body such as:
  • Anti-aging: White tea is very potent in reversing damages to the skin either from stress, sun, or poor diet. With white tea, you can re-build your skin's resistance to stress.
  • Safe & Healthy: Thanks to the minimal processing, it's high in antioxidants. Its natural nutrients are preserved when it is not blended with any artificial ingredient.
  • High in Antioxidant: White tea has a high level of antioxidants. It helps to keep the immune system healthy and protect your body from diseases.

Black Tea Overview

Leaves from camellia sinensis used in the production of black tea are withered and oxidized for a longer period of time. This gives black tea the ability to retain its flavor. Therefore, black tea is generally stronger and richer in flavor.


Black tea is sourced and produced in China, India, Sri Lanka, and Taiwan.

Health Benefits

Black tea's health benefits include:
  • Improves food digestion.
  • Some studies believe that black tea prevents cancer due to the presence of theaflavins. It destroys abnormal cells in the body and prevents them from causing damage to skin cells.
  • Rich source of antioxidant which helps to remove free radical from the body
  • Prevent Heart diseases due to its high flavan-3-ols, flavonols and theaflavins content
  • Reduce the risk of diabetes

Green Tea Overview

The leaves of camellia sinensis are undergone mild oxidation and withering for green tea.


The green tea was produced and originated from China. Green tea is also produced in other Asian countries, such as India, Japan, and Korea.

Health Benefits

The minimal level of oxidation and withering makes the leaves of Camellia sinensis green and fresh. The green tea has many health benefits such as:
  • Glycemic control: Consistent consumption of green can lower the level of fasting blood sugar.
  • Weight Loss: Some study claims that green tea help with weight loss.
  • Reduce Risk of Stroke: Regular consumption of green tea is proven to reduce the risk of stroke.
  • Cardiovascular Disease: Drinking green tea is proven to reduce the rate of mortality as a result of heart diseases.
  • Hyperlipidemia: Drinking green tea can help to decreases the concentration of total cholesterol in the blood.


Oolong Tea Overview

Unlike the black, green or white tea that is produced from either the buds and leaves of camellia sinensis plant, Oolong tea is a product from the stem, leaves, and buds of the tea plant.


Known to originally originate from China, the oolong tea is also produced in Taiwan and Vietnam.

Health Benefits

The oolong tea is basically known to improve alertness due to its caffeine content which stimulates the central nervous system, the muscles, and the heart. Other health benefits of oolong tea include:
  • Improves weight loss
  • Prevention of cancer
  • Prevention of brittle bones (osteoporosis)
  • Boost immune system
  • Treatment of diabetes
  • Helps to reduce high cholesterol level in the blood


Facts About Tea

  • All the varieties or types of tea are sourced from various parts of the same plant - camellia sinensis.
  • It takes at least three years for a tea plant to produce leaves
  • If not pruned continuously, a tea plant will continue to grow even up to 50 feet tall.
  • Turkey is the largest and leading consumer of tea in the world.
  • The smaller the size of a tea leaf, the more expensive the tea produced from such leaves/plants.
  • “Red tea” is the name given to black tea from the West by Asian
  • Melaleuca (tea tree oil) is not sourced from the same shrub from which drinking tea produced.
  • Tea tree oil is very toxic if swallowed.
“There is always something beneficial to your health from just a cup of tea”.
Remember, you can’t pay for happiness, and a good cup of tea is also priceless. 
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